This rapid e-course gives an overview of the institutions and mechanisms that serve to uphold IHL. The Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols are the core treaties of IHL and are the most comprehensive guidelines to mitigate the effects of warfare. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has a special role in upholding the Geneva Conventions. The course also examines other mechanisms and special courts that enforce IHL, like the International Criminal Court. Finally, the course looks at the special legal protections afforded to certain groups, including children, refugees and women.